Monday, August 5, 2013

Weird Chicken and Farm Finds at the Antique Mall

If you shake him, the googly eyes wiggle.
 I passed on this purchase. Still regret it. Ha!
     I love antiques and vintage finds. It definitely stems from my Mom's love of all things old. Since I was a little girl, I remember nosing through antique stalls in large warehouses full of interesting artifacts from yesteryear. I had plenty of time to peruse because she usually had a booth or two in the establishment. I've found everything from full-sized stage coaches to stuffed squirrels with craft googly eyes glued to their noggin. My Mom and I could NOT stop laughing at the poor creature and had to take pictures of him for posterity. Since then, I have been snapping iPhone shots of chicken and farm-related items that crack me up. If you have any of the following unique finds in your house, then you are AWESOME! I do not know if I have the skill to properly display them to show off their best side. Without further ado, here they are:

Who wouldn't like an ACTUAL stuffed chicken? I really don't know why there aren't more of these stuffed roosters. I'm really wondering what they used for the comb and wattles. 

If a real stuffed chicken may be a little much, then why not a paper mache (sorry I don't know how to type the little deely dobs on top of letters)? This is actually kind of cute, but I have never seen one, so I added to this list.  

Hmmmm.... what to do with all of those cow horns laying around... why not make a whale out of them? For $20 this guy could grace your living room coffee table and really get the conversation going.  I must admit, that my Mom almost purchased him for a dirty santa gift. :) 

Halloween is right around the corner, and it's time to scare some folks. This should do it nicely. It actually might make a fun little project with the kids. 

I'll let you decide how you feel about this one.

And last, but not least, a twenty-two dollar, styrofoam chicken covered in coconut fiber that has had its beak broken off. 

These are just a few finds that have cracked me up over the last few years. I can't wait to get out there and find some more wonderful treasures! What have you found that is a little on the weird side?
 
    

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Predators and Protection Part One


Chickens aren't only tasty to us human folks. They are also irresistible to all sorts of predators that are lurking in every shadow and under every shrub on the farm. I have experienced first hand the heartache of losing a flock to gnashing teeth and sharp claws.
The main predators are (in no particular order)
hawks
fox
bobcats
raccoons
opossums
dogs
coyotes
owls
mountain lions
bears
skunks
weasels
snakes

     I am only really going to address the predators that I have had experience with or that live in our area. I'm sure there are many other wonderful blogs that discuss bears and mountain lions and psycho weasels. We live close to the coast on the Gulf of Mexico where there are NO weasels! The last time I saw a mountain lion was at the New Orleans Zoo. If I ever see a bear around here, you will know it because my screaming will be heard throughout the nation.
     My first chicken run was made the 'Snuffy Smith' way. It was just kind of thrown together with 3x2 wire, posts, zip ties and heavy gauge wire to use like bread ties to hold wire together. It worked quite well for a couple of years. Then, one morning, we found one of the 6 hens dead in the run. I thought that a hawk grabbed it through the wire and pulled its neck because the neck area was really torn up, and only one hen was dead. We looked over the run and could not find any issues. The next morning, we saw the same thing. We looked all over the run and couldn't find a problem. I had family members look everywhere too. We looked for hair caught in wire, scratch marks, disturbed dirt, etc.... nothing. I set up a trap inside the run and a game cam. This is what we found:

     We also finally found where the culprits were entering. Somehow, some of the wire had come apart where we had joined two pieces together. It was on top of a cross board and was not noticeable. We still can't believe the animals were able to find it, let alone wiggle themselves underneath it. But, I guess they have all night to figure out how to get in there. I was very upset with the whole ordeal. We razed the entire run and built a new and larger run with security in mind. I will be writing future blogs on our run project.

     One of the main predators of chickens that most people don't consider is the family dog and the roaming dog. We have had issues with packs of feral dogs in the past. Some of the other family members on the farm woke up one morning to a horrendous sight. Their beautiful flock of about 5 hens was completely destroyed. We knew it was a dog. Hair was found on parts of the wire run and there were prints in the dirt. They were also killed in a manner consistent with a dog, which is their backs were torn up. Dogs like to pin the chicken down and chew at them through the back and neck. The dog visited my coop and run as well, but he was not able to get my hens. I have seen dogs chew through hardware cloth. I have seen them chew right through chicken wire or poultry netting. On the coop, I have 3x2 wire and hardware cloth. The 3x2 wire is for dogs and raccoons, and the hardware cloth is to deter rodents and snakes from getting in and eating the eggs. The dog you see in the picture chewed through the hardware cloth. I wish that I had gotten a picture at the time, but I was not blogging then and didn't think about it! The bad boy below really tore up the outside of my coop. He scratched everywhere. I think this is the dog that also killed my brother's chickens. It is NOT our dog.


For a height reference, this was my horse, Jake. He passed away later that summer, unfortunately. He was quite old and was stricken with EPM. That's another story for another day. He is a tad over 15 hands, which makes him about 5 foot at the top of the wither. The dog was able to scratch up to about 6 feet high. He ripped the chicken wire at that height.








You might be able to see the dog scratches better in this photo. He scratched all along the sides, and as high as in between the top two vents.



So, the take away from this post is:
- Poultry netting and hardware cloth can be ripped apart by a dog and other larger predators
- use 3x2 wire to deter larger predators
- check for holes/gaps/loose areas in your run fencing

I'm going to be starting a series of posts documenting the building of a secure run. Stay tuned!









Monday, February 4, 2013

Top Five Best Farm and Food Documentaries


    
      I am an avid watcher of documentaries. If they center around farming or agriculture, I'm especially interested. The majority of the food documentaries I find are on Netflix Watch it Instantly. They actually have quite a nice selection with different varities of nonfiction videos. I have had folks ask me what I reccommend. So, I thought I'd put out my top five favorites and then throw in some extra, "non-farmy" videos too.  My ratings are based on a few criteria and they are as follows:

          Content
          Cinematography (or how well the movie is ''photographed'')
          Pace (how the video moves along... are they dragging it out?)


1. Food, Inc.  ------------ Overall Best Documentary for a "beginner" 
Food, Inc. is a wonderful beginner's guide to having eyes opened about the current state of the food industry. It does not dive too deeply into political/social/cooperate issues. It introduces us to Joel Salatin who is one of the faces of the home farm movement. This is not a documentary for the well informed because you will not glean any new information.  However, I'm placing it at number one because it is a good, overall look at the issues faced with our food supply.... from cruelty to the farm animals to the big businesses behind the scenes. The cinematography is nice and the pace moves along nicely. Unfortunately, at my time of writing this post, Netflix does not have the watch it instantly feature available for Food, Inc.   
    
2. Farmageddon ----------- Best for showcasing plight of small farms
Farmageddon is a documentary that makes the big vein in the side of my neck bulge. It's a call to action and gets me fired up whenever I watch it. Your eyes will be opened to the ridiculous travesty of how small family farms are treated by the government. Big food cooperations are all about money, NOT food for health. The cinematography is pretty good and the pace is moves along nicely. This sits at number two because small scale farming is near and dear to my heart. The government control over small scale farmers is a HUGE issue. Farmers should not have to hide health sustaining crops in secrecy  for fear of ruin from the government.

3. Frankensteer ------------ Best for showcasing the beef industry
This is a must see for the meat eaters out there. Question: What percentage of the cows on an industrialized cow farm are fed antibiotics? You have to watch the documentary to find out. Follow the cattle industry to see how the animals are treated and how and what they are fed. This is a little more objective and allows both sides to speak. However, all of these food documentaries are biased towards eating cleanly, so it shouldn't be a surprise that your take away will be pro small farm. The cinematography was more journalistic in style and there's not much pretty scenery to look at. The pace is moderate. It sits at number three because I think it is important for meat eaters to know what they are eating, and this is an entire documentary dedicated to beef.

4. King Corn ------------ Best for showcasing the corn industry
King Corn was an enjoyable watch. It follows two young Bostonian males on a quest to plant and grow an acre of corn in corn country and then follow its plight in the American food industry. Although a little bit silly, it has some useful information. Corn is in almost everything. I especially liked the part of the film where they attempted to recreate high fructose corn syrup. Although they won't be winning any scientific accolades any time soon, it definitely made me stop and think about the nasty stuff that has oozed its way into every crevice of the food industry. It sits at number four because it was an enjoyable watch, and I no longer consume high fructose corn syrup because of it!


5. Ingredients ----------- Best cinematography
I love photography, and I enjoy watching some movies just for the scenery. This is a luscious documentary. Is it realistic? Maybe not as much as some of the other mainstream documentaries out there. Portions of it can come across as being a little bit pretentious. There is an introductory history lesson into the growth of the food industry in the US. The cinematography is top notch, the content is moderate and the pace is moderate to slow. It sits at number five because of the pretentious tendencies. I think small scale farming should be accessible to everyone from all demographics.


Some of the Food documentaries that I have seen that did not make it onto my Top Five List:

Forks Over Knives: boring, overly subjective without showing real science to back up claims

Hungry For Change: sensationalized. The first half was okay and then went downhill from there.

Food Matters: I'm a science person. This is supposed to be more of a science-based documentary. However, I found the information to be sensationalized, hand picked and very.... boring. I couldn't make it through the entire documentary.




Here are a few extra documentaries that I enjoyed watching: 

The Natural History of the Chicken
The Natural History of the Chicken is not what you think it would be. There is very little chicken history involved. This is more of a fun look at different chicken owners. It runs that gamut from a lady that bathes and diapers her pet chicken to a farm that free ranges and provides meat for their family. It's a cute little jaunt through crazy chicken territory.

Fat, Sick, and Nearly Dead
I found this video to be very thought provoking. Could I juice for 90 days... or 10 days? I doubt it. My body requires fiber. However, the journey that the two men in this video embarked on was refreshing to watch.

Happy
If you are ever in a down kind of mood, then check out this documentary. Whatever your circumstance, happiness can be found within yourself. Will more money make you happy? Will a bigger house make you happy? Travel along with folks from different walks of life and see for yourself.

Buck
I really can't tell you how many times I've watched this documentary. If you love horses, this is a must see. This story follows Buck across the country helping horses, yes, but he's really helping the people that own them. Horses are a mirror to our soul, and Buck has a good one. From a troubled childhood to raising a beautiful, happy family of his own, go see why he has become a true horsemen.
   
   

Monday, January 7, 2013

Freshly Baked Bread the Easier Way! Using a bread machine to prep your dough and your oven to bake

Annoying paddle hole!

      I have been trying to move our family towards a simpler eating lifestyle. I used to buy at least one loaf of whole wheat bread from our local grocer at least once per week. The ingredient labels on even the healthiest loaves I can find make me cringe. Why in the world does a loaf of bread require so many ingredients? Surely folks back in the 'olden days' didn't add mono and diglycerides, calcium propionate, etc. If the loaf won't start spoiling until after 12 days, I don't want to eat it. So, I vowed to start baking all of our bread in the bread machine. It started out well. The smell was wonderful. However, when it came time to get the freshly baked loaf out of the machine, it was very difficult to nearly impossible. It always gets stuck on that darn paddle on the bottom. And when I did finally dislodge the loaf, it had a huge hole in the bottom where the paddle made its mark. The loaf was oddly shaped... more like the shape of a cinder block than something taken out of Grandma's oven. When sliced, the slices were very awkward to eat because they were so large, and they didn't fit into any of my reusable sandwich containers. Something had to be done. So, I started doing a little bit of research and found some sources out there for using the bread machine to prep my dough and the oven to finish it. After many loaves of trial and error, I'm ready to share the method that works best for me.
     I am lucky enough to have a dough setting on my Sunbeam bread machine. When using a bread machine, you always add wet ingredients first and then your flour and then your sugar, salt and yeast. I use a simple recipe supplied by Sunbeam shown below (http://www.sunbeam.com/Splash.aspx), and I have found it to work best for me.

1. Add your ingredients to your bread machine. For a 1 1/2 pound 100% whole wheat bread loaf, I add the following in this order:

     1 1/4 cups water

     2 tablespoons softened butter

     3 cups whole wheat flour

     1/4 cup packed brown sugar

     1 1/2 teaspoons salt

     1 3/4 teaspoons regular active dry yeast (quick acting dry yeast is fine)

Set your machine to the dough cycle. For this loaf, my machine takes 1 1/2 hours to prepare the dough.

2. Prepare your pan. I use a bread pan I bought from a local retail store. It's a 9x5 inch pan. Spray the pan lightly with olive oil spray. Any other non-stick spray will work. You can also grease it with butter or some type of lard. If I am out of spray, I will grab a stick of butter, open the end and rub it all over the inside of the pan.




3. Remove your dough from the machine and turn it out onto a lightly floured surface. I use a piece of wax paper on top of my countertop. I flour it with the same wheat flour used in making the dough.




4. Punch the dough down with your fists and shape it into a rectangle that is approximately 10 inches wide. It is not necessary to knead the dough. I don't even use a roller. I just kind of push it around until I get the shape I want.


5. Roll the dough up like a jelly roll or cinnamon roll. Place seam down in your bread pan. Slice the top lengthwise with your knife, leaving the edges uncut. This gives the bread a nice seam to expand into.

6. Place a damp cloth over the bread pan and place in a warm, stable environment like the oven or a microwave. Don't turn either of them on. I place my bread in the microwave because I like to free up my oven so that I can preheat for step 7. The dough needs to have time to rise for about 1 hour before baking. This can be fudged a little bit. I sometimes leave it in there an extra 30 minutes when I'm busy doing something else. Your final loaf will look very similar to what you see after this step is complete.

7. Bake at 350 degrees for 30 minutes, give or take a few minutes depending on your oven. My oven bakes a little bit hot, so 30 minutes is usually the perfect amount of time. It should sound hollow when you thump it.

8. Take it out of the oven, turn it out onto a board or plate or rack and let it cool. I usually let mine cool for about an hour before I put it in a gallon ziplock for storage. If you put it into a container too soon, the steam from the bread will add too much moisture to the loaf/container and will encourage mold to grow. So, make sure it's cool before you store it. I keep my loaves out on our counter in a ziplock. They usually last approximately 4 to 5 days for a family of four. Sometimes they only last a couple of hours because butter on fresh bread is ridiculously yummy.

I hope you enjoy the whole wheat recipe and the fresh baked bread. This method sounds very time consuming, but it's actually quite easy once you get the hang of it. There is a lot of 'hurry up and wait' with baking bread.


       






Wednesday, October 3, 2012

Fall is time for..... Bananas?!


     We live far enough south to grow bananas.... when the weather cooperates. They are grown more as a "novelty" around here, if anyone would consider a banana a novelty. I do not know of any actual farms that grow them large scale. Our last winter was very mild, so the bananas have done really well. Ours are the sweet banana trees, as opposed to the mealier plantain variety. Surprisingly enough, 80% of the bananas grown in the world are of the plantain variety. They are a major staple crop for many countries and are used much like a potato.

      Banana trees require hot (check), tropical (check), ridiculous (check) environments to really thrive. They do not like the cold, and freezing can devastate them. Oddly, bananas are considered to be perennial herbs. They have beautiful deep purple buds and beautiful yellow flowers within.  Banana trees can grow to huge heights! Some reach 40 feet.  See the person standing underneath our banana tree? The fruit grows on a large, non woody stem. The stems are really cool looking. The fruit starts to ripen once the stem is cut. Many times, the bananas get too heavy for the stem to support, and the stem breaks, beginning the ripening process.
        All of these pictures are of the banana trees on Old Brodbeck Farm. They grow taller every year and are easily divided by digging up individual stalks. The trees are cut back during the
winter and look pretty awful... like weird mushy stumps. But, every year, they pop out bigger and better than the previous growth season. The bananas taste sweeter and more "banana-y" than the huge store bought bananas. The banana trees at our farm do not get sprayed with any type of fertilizer, pesticides or anything. If you live up north and are interested in trying out bananas, they do grow in sunrooms, greenhouses, and bathrooms if someone is constantly taking a hot shower (well, the bathroom has not been officially tested, but now you know what kind of climate we're living in down here).
  These bananas are so sweet, that if you are making a banana bread with them, the sugar should be cut down by at least 1/4.  My favorite healthy banana bread recipe is from the 100daysofrealfood.com folks. What is your favorite banana bread?

Thursday, September 6, 2012

3 Weird Cleaning Tips I Use Regularly. Seriously!


     I read a bunch of cleaning tips on the internet, and I wonder how many people actually take the time to gather the materials to use them. I am not the most organized person in the world. I am also very forgetful. It runs in the family. I forget everything... from why I walked into a room... to my daughter's birth year. I gave up taking a daily vitamin a long time ago. So it's no surprise that my cleaning tips are things that I find in the yard or are super easy to do. I find whatever is at hand. I'd like to think that I am recycling or reusing, but, really, I'm just too lazy to walk back to the house. The following tips are more farm and animal-related tips than house cleaning tips.

 Tip One: Onion Bag
 My hands are always dirty. I'm the person that has to wash their bar soap after using it. I don't particularly like to use pump soap because the bottle usually gets covered in grime and looks none too pleasing to pump. My artist Mom taught me this trick. Cut up an onion bag and wrap it around your bar soap. It makes even the most stubborn soap create a luxurious lather. It scrubs your hands clean at the same time. You can also tie a string to the onion bag and have a nice soap-on-a-rope for outdoor use.
 
Tip Two: Leaves!  
Please do not underestimate the scrubbing power of leaves. Our horse trough is far enough away from the house that I really don't feel like walking back to find a scrubber. I just grab a big handful of whatever leaves are closest. The bigger the leaves, the better. I've scrubbed a horse trough with sycamore leaves, pecan branches, ginger lilies, an old palm branch and some other things laying around. Leaves are wonderfully abrasive and clean up the algal bloom on the trough quite nicely. Just make sure you rinse the leaves out before you fill up the trough!
 
Tip Three: Pea Gravel
        We have a guinea pig. His name is Ponyo. He is named after the little sea creature girl Ponyo in the movie Ponyo. He's scampering around with a girl's name and making a real mess of his enclosure. He has been outside this spring and summer and his water bottle used to get algae on the inside of it until I thought up this little trick. I know that this is the time where you say, "why doesn't she just hang a bottle brush next to Ponyo's house?" My retort is, "do you have children?" If I did not have kids, I would hang a bottle brush and BAM! Done! However, kids move everything that is not nailed down. I can already see the next headline on the local newspaper: "Woman Spends Thousands of Dollars Replacing Bottle Brushes for Ponyo." So, anyway, back to my point. Instead of using a bottle brush, I grab a handful of pea gravel from one of our failed walkway attempts, drop it down into the bottle, fill about halfway with water, screw the lid back on and then get to shaking. In just a few shakes, I've cleaned a water bottle, cleaned some rocks and gotten some exercise. It's a real win-win... especially for little Ponyo.
BEFORE
AFTER










I will not even pretend like I have a spotless house, so I will not list ways to clean it. For a house showing once, I literally threw dirty dishes in a cardboard box and put them in the back of the truck. I am the "messy house, happy kids, happy chickens" type. Do you have any weird ways to clean around the farm? Let me know by leaving a comment or let me know on Facebook. Thanks!



Thursday, August 30, 2012

How We Prepare Old Brodbeck Farm for a Storm


100 year old pecan tree. My Dad is 6 feet tall.
       When a hurricane threatens in the Gulf, folks around here start thinking "how many days off of work will I get?" The next thought is "Will it be bad enough to worry about, or is it time for a hurricane party?" Then, all sorts of crazy things start happening. I liken it to an expectant Mom that is in the nesting stage. The gas stations begin to have long lines of people filling up with enough gas to power themselves to the moon and back. Pretty soon, the gas stations are empty. Then everyone descends upon the grocery stores. Men strut around puffed out like tom turkeys while they load their cart with beer and give guffaws and grins to the guys around them. In the meantime, their wives are on the bread aisle, grabbing every loaf within a 50 mile radius. You don't like pumpernickel? Doesn't matter. When there is a hurricane, you will grab 10 loaves just in case your tastebuds have changed. You will only watch The Weather Channel to see where Jim Cantore is located. If you see him in your city, you will pack up the kids and scramble like crazy to evacuate. Which brings me to my next topic.... evacuees. Every city has them. They are the folks that heed the repetitive warnings to "Get Out Now!" Once they are on the road, they quickly realize that they should have just stayed in their house. The traffic is usually bumper to bumper. The fear of running out of gas only to find that every gas station is empty is a real and valid fear. Of course, all of the above humor is just that: humor. Although any actual real threat to humans is fairly slim for a category 1 and 2 storm (unless you live in a flood zone), any type of storm can bring a very real danger to the animals in its path. So, I thought I'd write a quick post about our farm's storm preparedness.

        My major concern is our horses. I have a sweet paint horse named Shug (pronounced like the first part of "Sugar") and my Mom has a spotted saddle horse named Dolly. When a storm is imminent, there are a few things we do to try and keep them safe. First, we double check all of our fences to make sure that they are strong and nothing is loose. We then pick up any limbs or any other debris in the field that may blow around in the wind. When horses are turned out in a field, it is advised to never leave a halter on them. They can get them caught on all sorts of things. This is also true in a storm. In order to place our information on them, we braid dog ID tags in their mane and double band them. Livestock marker paint can also be used to spray paint your number on them. Fingernail polish on their hooves can be used the same way. Some folks even shave their phone number into their coat. They need identification on them in case part of the fence gets knocked down and they are on the loose. We have also trained them to come to a whistle. We do not stall our horses during storms. Horses are intelligent. They know nature better than I do. They have access to their stall at all times during a storm and can come and go as they please. Large limbs falling are the main threat and horses can become trapped, crushed or scared enough to harm themselves if a limb crushes through the barn. Also, the roofing can be ripped off and blown around inside the barn. A fire could also erupt as the result of injured electric lines and they would be trapped. So, our horses are tagged and allowed to come and go as they please in and out of their turn-out barn.
"Are you closing me in yet?"


     The chickens, however, do get cooped up. I'll be the first to admit that my chickens are really not smart enough to get out of the rain. They would be pressed against the wire of their run from the wind hurling them about. I coop them up and give them enough food and water to last 5 days. It seems like overkill, but when I am in the house thinking about them, I will know that they have been taken care of. I have a large feeder that can hold 50 pounds. I also put out additional feeders and water throughout the coop so that there will not be as much competition for one feeder.







     The goats have their own little turn-out sheds that are anchored down. It would take a mighty, mighty storm to knock them down. Goats do NOT like getting wet, so they stay out of the wind and rain just fine. There is no door on their shed which makes it possible for them to leave for safety reasons (or if they just can't take the smell of Otis the buck goat anymore).

      These are a few of our animal preparations for a hurricane. I have no knowledge of what to do for blizzards or anything relating to snow. I have only seen snow in our area three times in the past 30 years, so I am of no help to anyone in that department. So, my question is, are preparations the same for those of you folks with snow? Leave me a comment please. I'd love to know :o)

Please Like Me on Facebook, where I post little tidbits about Old Brodbeck Farm or funny things I see around the internet.
This is Shug.